Planning Focusing on People
Mobility reporting is the name of a new instrument for integrated traffic planning, which intends to make transport more socially just and ecologically compatible in the future. Over the last three years, mobility reporting was put to the test in the Berlin district of Pankow. A contribution by Lisa Buchmann und Sven Hausigke (Technische Universität Berlin).
Recently, a guide was published to encourage and enable municipalities across Germany to implement mobility reporting. This helps to understand the mobility requirements by locals and to consider them appropriately in urban planning. The ultimate goal: to promote sustainable mobility of local residents.
The guide introduces contents and objectives of this new strategic instrument for traffic planning and leads though the process step by step: From the joint discussion of a model and corresponding goal criteria via the assessment of the current mobility situation to the development of strategies and measures which when implemented will bring the municipality closer to the initial model. The advantages over the previously established planning instruments are also presented.
The status quo of human mobility in Pankow
Over the last three years, mobility reporting was put to the test in the Berlin district of Pankow. With the scientific support of the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin) and the Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden), Pankow was the first municipality in Germany to have created such a report: the 2020 Berlin Pankow Mobility Report. It shows the status quo of mobility for people in Pankow and introduces specific measures with which the district wants to reach the declared goal of sustainable urban mobility.
The example of Pankow already demonstrates the impact of mobility reporting. The newly created position of mobility manager promotes the exchange between different authorities about mobility topics and establishes the traffic planning tool within the administrative processes in the long term. A special focus thereby lies on the participative approach which involves all stakeholder groups from civil society, politics and administration. This also ensures that the results of the Pankow mobility report are considered during planning and that the developed measures are implemented.
Research has shown that 81 percent of all routes travelled by Pankow residents are already covered by environmentally friendly means – that is, on foot, by bike or by public transport. But as the distance to the city centre increases, so does the frequency and length of car use. As a whole, the district is characterised by a high volume of vehicle traffic, which affect the quality of life of local people.
Enable independent, autonomous mobility for Pankow residents
In order to make the mobility of people in the district sustainable, the mobility report therefore calls for a change of direction. Ten strategies were developed in consultation with relevant actors. The main objective is to create diverse mobility opportunities that enable independent autonomous mobility. This means that eco-mobility has to become more attractive – by further expanding a safe and comfortable cycling infrastructure, an area-wide attractive pedestrian network as well as reliable, accessible and user-friendly public transport.
And finally motorised vehicle traffic must be reduced. The implementation of measures that lower demand and speed is expected to reduce local environmental pollution. The report also provides corresponding measures to achieve these goals.
The publication of the Pankow mobility report ends the planning preparation phase of the transport planning instrument according to the procedure of mobility reporting. In the next step, the developed measures will be implemented and the mobility report will be continued.
In future, mobility reporting is supposed to be implemented country-wide across other municipalities. In addition to the guide, the project team will develop and implement workshop and training formats in the coming years.